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Vehicular-Related Incidents

Why is it a priority?

Vehicular-related accidents is currently the number one cause of fatal work injuries, accounting for 31% of all fatal injury cases from 2013 to 2017. 56% of these vehicular-related accidents took place in worksites and 44% on public roads (Figure 5). Around 41% involved heavy vehicles (Figure 6) followed by 20% involving motorcycles. 


Figure 5: Top Fatal Injury Incident Types (Year 2013 - 2017)
Source: WSH National Statistics Report 2017  


Figure 6: Breakdown of Victims by Vehicle Type (Year 2013 - 2017)
Source: WSH National Statistics Report 2017


For accidents on the road, studies conducted on heavy vehicle drivers and motorcyclists have revealed the following as possible risk factors:

  • Organisational factor: pay-per-trip, client/sales demands, trips/work planning; and
  • Individual factor: Recklessness, overworked/fatigue

For accidents in the worksites, poor traffic management practices such as poor segregation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic were key causes for vehicular accidents.

An emerging concern is the growing popularity of online shopping and ordering of food that has in turn fueled the demand for delivery services. This demand is increasingly being met by bicycles, power-assisted bicycles (PABs) besides motorcycles because they offer flexible and cost-effective alternatives for businesses. As riders are more vulnerable on the road, more needs to be done to find practical solutions to minimize work-related injuries of vocational riders.

Research Needs

In order to prevent vehicular-related accidents involving riders and drivers, the following research needs were identified: 

  • Understand the influence of organisational work practices and workers’ behavioral traits;
  • Identify effective and preferred communication channel(s) to effect behavior change;
  • Identify the root causes for vehicular-related injuries;
  • Develop and test technological solutions to detect and address the key risk factors, taking into consideration the different organisational and worker preferences; and measure effectiveness in modifying risks and outcomes; and  
  • Determine implementation challenges and barriers faced by companies.