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Qualitative study on organisational factors causing work-related traffic accidents

In Singapore, vehicular-related accident is currently the leading cause of fatal work injuries, accounting for 31% of all fatal injury cases from 2013 to 2017. This report highlights the findings of a study to determine company practices and work arrangements contributing to the risk of work-related traffic accidents (WRTA). It also identifies the measures taken by companies to manage the risks of such accidents.

For other research publications, please visit WSH Institute website at https://wsh-institute.sg

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What's Trending
Whats Trending 1
(Source: EHS Today, Jun 2018)
How to Ensure a Successful Wellness Program with Wearable Technology

With the introduction of wearable technology, employees are now interested and willing to use technology to better themselves, their lives and their health.  At the workplace, such technology not only creates an engaging environment for the employees but helps to maximize healthcare budget, reduce safety hazards, and monitor health and wellness.

Workplace wellness wearable technology programmes can simplify current wellness programmes and provide companies with tremendous data about their employees and workplace. By being committed to workplace wellness initiatives and putting the health and wellness of employees first, employers can create a positive workplace culture to ensure the sustainability of the programme.

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Relevance: Leveraging wearable technology in the workplace could potentially reduce accidents due to chronic diseases through monitoring of employees’ vital signs.

Whats Trending 2 (Source: Engineers Australia, Oct 2018)
3D-printing swarm robots pave the way for new construction possibilities

A new method that allows robots to work concurrently on 3D printing of concrete structures could bring on-demand design to construction sites.

Known as ‘swarm printing’, robots are used to produce 3D print concrete designs which are not achievable through traditional methods.

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Relevance: While this makes it possible to print large concrete structures onsite, safety issues may also arise with such printing robots working alongside humans in the work site.
Books from the WSH Institute Collection*
Recommended Reading 1
Conquer Stress, Achieve Success

Clare Harris

Stress, Psychosocial Health

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Recommended Reading 2
Communication Skills for Working with Elders

Barbara Bender Dreher

Elder Workers

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Click here to access WSH Institute's e-books collection.

* The WSH Institute Collection is a compilation of WSH-related resources accessible to the public through our collaboration with the National Library
Board (NLB).

OWL Highlights
Main Article 1
Workplace exposure to asbestos and the risk of kidney cancer in Canadian men

In Canada, kidney cancer is the fifth most common cancer amongst men, and they are at a higher risk compared to women. 

The research found over-exposure to asbestos was associated with a 20 percent increased odds of kidney cancer compared to those who were never exposed. The most common asbestos-exposed jobs were construction workers, mechanics and fabricating workers and stationary engine and utilities workers.

Drawing data from the National Enhanced Cancer Surveillance System (NECSS), analysis was done on 712 cases and 2,454 controls using logistic regression indicated that to determine the association of kidney cancer with occupational exposure to asbestos across a range of jobs in Canada. 

These results provided evidence of the positive association between occupational exposure to asbestos and kidney cancer. 

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Theme: Occupational Cancer
Date of Publication: September 2018
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health

Main Article 2
Blood pressure response to interrupting workplace sitting time with non-exercise physical activity: Results of a 12-month cohort study

Desk-based employees are exposed to prolonged sitting and sedentary behaviour which can lead to adverse health issues.

The study showed that reduction in blood pressure could be achieved through regular movement breaks. For the study subjects, it was found that the diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were significantly lower at three, six and nine months’ mark compared to the baseline. There was also a slight but significant reduction in systolic blood pressure.

The study involved an e-health solution to prompt workers to undertake non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) during the workday, such as standing (e.g. while talking on the phone) or slow/normal paced walking (e.g. a walking meeting). Blood pressure readings of 228 employees were recorded and analysed at baseline, three, six, nine, and 12 months. 

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Theme: Total WSH
Date of Publication: September 2018
Source: Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine

Main Article 3
Burnout in the workplace: A review of data and policy responses in the EU

The effects of burnout on workers can be severe; without detection and proper treatment, burnout symptoms can last several years – impacting not just the health of individual workers, but also business success and broader economic performance.

This report looked at the extent of burnout experienced by workers in the EU, based on comparative review of the existing data and policy responses on burnout through a questionnaire. It examined the work determinants associated with burnout and looks at the effects of burnout, including psychosocial and physical work factors, work intensity and work organisation.

The report also included reviews of national strategies and policies on this issue, and preventive actions adopted, from awareness-raising activities such as information campaigns to training, and the provision of tools to carry out risk assessments on stress for early detection of burnout.

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Theme: Psychosocial Health
Date of Publication: September 2018
Source: Eurofound

Main Article 4
Group-based healthy lifestyle workplace interventions for shift workers: A systematic review

Shift work has been associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviours. In this study, a systematic review of 22 studies was conducted to examine group-based lifestyle workplace interventions for shift workers and assess their impact on weight, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and healthy eating.

The interventions included programmes based around face-to-face information sessions or guided physical activity sessions, to more composite programmes that included educational lectures, supervised or structured physical activity (PA) sessions, guidance for individual PA activities and/or counselling sessions.

It was found that group-based workplace interventions can be effective for supporting shift workers to lose weight and increase physical activity, while further research is needed to change healthy eating and sedentary behaviours.

Main Article 1_new QR
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Theme: Shift Work
Date of Publication: 2018
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Useful Resources
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The Observatory for WSH Landscape (OWL) is a function of the WSH Institute. OWL serves to observe, analyse and communicate developments affecting WSH, and promote collaboration among researchers, policy makers and industries to advance WSH policies and practices.